也许从HTS中得到的一件好事是，AAA级游戏在这段时期成功地展示了强大的道德领导能力。这与美国心理学协会形成了鲜明的对比与中央情报局合谋制定道德标准，使其成员可以接受酷刑．To be honest, I’m not really sure this indicates the strong moral fiber of the AAA so much as its lack of relevance to American actions abroad, at least until a network of concerned anthropologists pushed it to act (or, perhaps, to act in and through it).
这本书的拼凑而成的作品反映了退伍军人的试图将他们在伊拉克经历的流域定义的生活中的叙述。While book’s overall structure parses these experiences into a general arc of life—from enlistment, to the shock and fog of war, to political awakening, to struggles with trauma, to activism—it doesn’t smooth over the rough edges of these experiences or impose too clear an order on the muddle of reflexive memories that the soldiers offer.
今年7月底，全国各地的媒体网点从科罗拉多斯普林斯挑选了一个故事，斯普林斯，家里的FT。卡森，关于士兵犯下的暴力罪行。Most of the soldiers were from a single infantry battalion that had served two arduous tours in Iraq and had seen some of the bloodiest (for U.S. forces) fighting of the war—in Ramadi in 2004 and Baghdad in 2006. Between these two tours, the 3,700-person brigade to which the battalion was attached sustained over half of all the casualties of all units at Ft. Carson. The crimes include ten arrests for murder or manslaughter, along with kidnapping, rape and other violent crimes. There were also suicide attempts, some of them successful. Many of the soldiers who were charged had engaged in excessive or indiscriminate violence against civilians in Iraq and also demonstrated dire combat stress reactions both in Iraq and at home. But the stories gathered by Colorado Springs Gazette reporter Dave Phillips suggests that the unit commanders were interested neither in punishing the soldiers nor in helping them. They were indifferent or even hostile to parents, wives, and girlfriends and to soldiers themselves who sought assistance. So they languished without help, self-medicated with drugs and alcohol, and went on to commit more violent acts, Phillips writes.
这个故事很熟悉：年轻人训练杀死，送到战争，生产，并暴露于长期暴力的暴力水平，然后通过培训，行动和暴露，休息，只有疏忽和虐待，返回房屋机构转向帮助。新闻故事重点关注暴力的过度，随机，有时亲密的性质：一把枪举行给女友的头部，一名毒贩一再蹲下然后射击，一辆匿名的路人用汽车跑步然后刺死。他们直接将暴力链接到伊拉克的过度，震惊和随机目标的行为：杀害伊拉克牲畜的士兵，在平民中射击，并用非调节粉刺和空心点弹药。最终，故事根目的是令人生畏的暴力，因为战争的“恐怖”和“地狱”，让这些特殊士兵无法回到家里的“正常”的生活。And they criticize the Army for its mercenary neglect of troubled soldiers, for the blind eye it turned to the people in Iraq and in the U.S. who were harmed by them, and for its internal culture that stigmatizes as weak soldiers who seek help for combat trauma.
所以当朋友转发我一个关于瓦哈卡的地理学家的故事，绘制了“文化地形”，我的纪律耳朵肆无忌惮。At issue are many of the same issues at play in debates over anthropologists’ and others’ involvement with HTS in Iraq and Afghanistan, although in many ways I find the situation I’m about to describe more frightening still, as it presages wars or conflicts as yet unfought – even counterinsurgencies to insurgencies yet to surge.188bet官网备用网址→
Hugh Gusterson on the Pentagon’s penchant for simplistic, technologized solutions to human problems – with a discussion of the Phrase-a-lator, a handheld device that translates spoken Arabic to English (apparently the fish-in0the-ear scenario isn’t panning out) – in“恐怖战争中的文化转弯”
我将在周五的专题讨论会上发表一篇论文，题为《社会科学的使用和滥用:学科及其用途?》题为“行动人类学，我们准备好了吗?””，my paper is intended to counter arguments that anthropologists’ refusal to cooperate with military and intelligence efforts like HTS, PRISP, and the Minerva Consortium necessarily condemns anthropology to irrelevance. My hope is that by examining the model of action anthropology, which has gained little traction in academic anthropology in the 50 years since Sol Tax and his students proposed it, a way of meaningfully engaging contemporary issues might emerge that avoids the troubling issues raised by direct subordination to military and intelligence agencies.
其他参与者包括David Price, Catherine Lutz, Hugh Gusterson, Jeff Bennett, Robert Vitalis, Matthew Sparke, Sean Mitchell, Kevin Caffrey, Amahl Bishara, Rochelle Davis, Roberto Gonzalez, Keith Brown, Chris Nelson，以及芝加哥大学的各种人类学和其他社会科学的人，包括荣誉萨维奇·明斯特·马歇尔·萨林斯188bet金宝博。(注:我被列为《野蛮人的思想》的“编辑”，这个头衔我既没问过也不知188bet金宝博道是谁给我的!我也被列为“独立研究员”，尽管我在南内华达学院工作了6年…)