During a roundtable at one of my first non-biological anthropology conferences, I was drowned in the creeping feeling of “otherness” that until that point in my graduate studies had only been an insidious “drip, drip drip,” of “you don’t really belong here.”
Although I’m sure no one feels this way, I think this is a success for everyone: Goffman is more or less vindicated, her discipline demonstrates it can withstand external scrutiny, and journalists do what they are supposed to do and take no one’s words for granted. In this clash of cultures, I think both sociology and journalism can walk away with their dignity intact.
这批评来自法律教授Steven Lubet。Having loved Goffman’s book, I thought it would be easy to dismiss Lubet’s critique — especially the part where Lubet asked a cop whether details of Goffman’s book were true and the cop is like: “No we never do that to black people” and I was like: “Well I’m glad we got to the bottom of that, since police accounts of their treatment of minorities is always 100% accurate.” But in fact Lubet’s piece is clearly written and carefully argued and I found it very convincing. That said, how much of a problem does it pose to Goffman’s book?188bet官网备用网址→
ra.：因此，虽然奥巴马的最新行动确实有一些积极的方面，但潜在的问题持续存在，对吧？这似乎是美国移民政策的长期跑步主题：我们最终得到一个局部解决方案，但潜在的问题仍在那里。与此同时，我们将所有这些移民都陷入了各种限制状态 - 是否合法，社会，政治或文化。有时这意味着监狱。有时它意味着他们生活在几年前的狮子座查韦斯的“阴影生命”。通常它意味着许多人生活在令人难以置信的边缘化条件下。每次选举周期，双方的政客们经常谈论“修复”移民制度的需要，但似乎永远不会发生。它几乎好像这是这个大规模的，无法解决的问题。你对此是什么？为什么这些问题与移民如此持久？ And, coming from this as an anthropologist — as opposed to an economist or political scientist — what can be done to move things forward?
Ruth Gomberg-muñoz：我认为很多人都没有意识到比赛在塑造美国移民制度方面的核心作用。例如，美国的第一个主要公民政策在美国有限的公民身份中，“自由白人的良好道德品质”，虽然第一个移民政策，1882年的中国排除法案，禁止中国国民移民。这first comprehensive immigration bill, passed in 1924, was designed to curb immigration of “filthy” and “unassimilable” Southern and Eastern Europeans, and Asians were deemed ineligible for lawful immigration and U.S. citizenship until 1952. It was not until the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 that overt racial biases in U.S. immigration policy were eliminated.188bet官网备用网址→